The essay is offered as an assignment not only in schools. In some universities in the humanities faculty with the help of essays are passed the entrance exams. In addition, writing essays is a requirement of many international educational programs. In the content of the essay, the personality of the author, his worldview, thoughts and feelings, is evaluated.
Having received the task to create an essay on a certain topic, many pupils are thinking about how to write a good essay. To do this, it is to understand in detail what an essay is, to get acquainted with the works of famous authors.
First of all, study in detail what an essay is and for what purposes it is written. Determine what is the purpose of your work.
Essays come in a variety of forms, depending on their content, techniques used, or goals. Study different types of essays based on the work of other authors and find out what type of essay you want to write. You might want to describe in your work a new device or analyze the problem that interests you.
Be sure to study the criteria by which the teacher will evaluate your work. The teacher himself can voice such criteria or offer you a manual with a detailed description.
If essay writer do not want to do the job for a very long time, do not try to write essays in a strictly logical sequence. That is, you do not need to first create a title page, then at any cost to write an introduction and so on, because even writing an introduction from scratch is not so easy. Your work will be much more effective if you start with sketches of fragments of the main part that cause you the greatest emotions. Perhaps you want to describe some kind of injustice or a vivid image of the artist who inspired you. Gradually, you will have an idea of how to connect individual fragments of work into a logical chain.
It will also be very useful to sketch out the main theses of the work. This will help you not to lose the thought and write an essay on the same wave, without slowing down the pace. It’s okay if your first lines do not sound like you want. In the process of work you will sign and express your thoughts more harmoniously and beautifully.
For a cause-and-effect essay, one cause of a phenomenon is taken, and all the consequences to which it resulted are considered. For example, you consider the old equipment of a plant located in the area to be the cause of environmental pollution in a particular area. In this case, you should consider all the possible consequences of the operation of this equipment: its impact on the health of workers at the plant and the people living nearby, on flora and fauna, on manufactured products, etc. Another possibility, when the author of the essay considers a variety of reasons that led to the same effect.
Some signs of cause & effect essay
Some features of the essay include:
– the availability of a specific topic or question. The work devoted to the analysis of a wide range of problems, cannot be performed in the genre of the essay.
– the essay expresses individual impressions and considerations on a specific occasion or issue and obviously does not pretend to define or exhaustively interpret the subject.
– as a rule, the essay assumes new, subjective thoughts about something, such a work can have a philosophical, historical-biographical, journalistic, literary-critical, popular-scientific or purely fictional character.
– in the content of the essay, the personality of the author, his worldview, thoughts and feelings, are evaluated first of all.
The purpose of the essay is to develop skills such as independent creative thinking and writing out your own thoughts.
Writing an essay is extremely useful, because it allows the author to learn clearly and correctly formulate thoughts, structure information, use the basic concepts, identify causal relationships, illustrate the experience with relevant examples, and argue their conclusions.
Structure and plan of the essay
The structure of the essay is determined by the requirements imposed on it:
– the thoughts of the author of the essay on the problem are presented in the form of brief theses.
– the idea must be supported by evidence – therefore a thesis is followed by arguments.
Arguments are facts, phenomena of social life, events, life situations and life experience, scientific evidence, references to the opinions of scientists, etc. It is better to give two arguments in favor of each thesis: one argument seems unconvincing, three arguments can “overload” the presentation performed in the genre, that focuses on brevity.
Thus, the essay acquires a ring structure (the number of theses and arguments depends on the topic, the chosen plan, the logic of the development of thought):
– thesis, arguments
– thesis, arguments
– thesis, arguments
When writing an essay, it is also important to consider the following points:
The introduction and conclusion should focus on the problem (it is mentioned in introduction, in conclusion – the opinion of the author is summarized).
It is necessary to make paragraphs and to establish a logical connection between paragraphs: thus the integrity of the work would be achieved.
The type of essay for this category is analytical.
Signs of cause & effect essay
We can distinguish some common features of the genre, which are usually listed in encyclopedias and dictionaries:
1. Small volume.
2. A specific topic and its subjective interpretation is emphasized.
The theme of the essay is always concrete. An essay cannot contain many topics or ideas (thoughts). It reflects only one option, one thought and develops it. This is the answer to one question.
3. Free composition is an important feature of the essay.
4. Ease of narration. The author of the essay is important to establish a confidential style of communication with the reader; to be understood, he avoids deliberately complicated, unclear, unnecessarily strict constructions. Researchers note that only someone who is fluent in the subject, sees it from various angles and is ready to present the reader a multifaceted view of the phenomenon that has become the starting point of his reflections can write a good essay.
5. Propensity to paradoxes. The essay is designed to surprise the reader (listener) – this, in the opinion of many researchers, is its compulsory quality. The starting point for the reflections embodied in the essay is often an aphoristic, vivid statement or a paradoxical definition that literally confronts seemingly incontrovertible but mutually exclusive statements, characteristics, theses.
6. Internal semantic unity. Perhaps this is one of the paradoxes of the genre. Free in composition, focused on subjectivity, the essay also has an internal semantic unity, i.e. the consistency of key theses and statements, the internal harmony of arguments and associations, the consistency of those judgments in which the personal position of the author is expressed.
Custom reviews of books and films in our time are very popular. After all, now a lot of novelties and premieres are offered to each of us, and how to understand what it is worth to spend your attention and money on, and what does not deserve it? If you do not know if it’s worth watching a movie, the reviews will help you decide.
And if paper writer read a lot or often go to the cinemas, you must have thought about sharing your opinion with other connoisseurs of the genre. So, how to write reviews on books and films, so that they really were useful and liked by readers?
1. How is the year of release, the length of the film or the number of pages in the book, a little about the author, director, creators. Of course, if you write reviews on specialized sites, this information already and without you reported on the page of a movie or book. But if as a site for writing reviews you use your blog, public VKontakte or site, it is not superfluous to mention a few general facts about the peer-reviewed work.
2. Here is the golden rule – no spoilers. Spoilers mean such information, which reveals the plot intrigue and spoils the impression of viewing or reading. In other words, never write sentences in the spirit of “And then it turned out that the murderer is a gardener!”, And do not get carried away with the story.
Describe in brief the plot of the plot, the place where the action takes place.
3. You can not philosophize craftily and directly on the points to allocate, that you had to taste, and that did not like at all. Here is an approximate list of items:
Live or “cardboard” characters;
The message, the idea, the main idea;
Unexpected twists of the plot;
Actually, for this, it was the writing of a review, otherwise it would be possible to read nothing and not to watch anything at all, and write a review of the film based on other people’s opinions. Even if it seems to you that the opinion of a professional literary critic or some famous actor or director has more weight and deserves to be mentioned in your review, remember: if a person is looking for reviews on books or films, then he is interested in the opinion of ordinary people.
At the university the most serious and responsible report is the text devoted to the diploma. It is he who reads the students on the defense of the diploma project, and the skill of the speaker largely determines the attitude of the commission to his work as a whole. It is very important to learn how to write and present a report, demonstrating knowledge and skills to teachers. To properly prepare a report, paper writer need to master the basic techniques, know the requirements for the text, follow the recommendations and algorithm.
You will need to consider several tips and follow the algorithm to make your work really effective, and the report is informative and interesting.
First you need to think about the time that you will spend on the task. Try to allocate for the preparation of the report at least 2-3 days. As practice shows, it is best to study the topic, search for materials and further develop the final text of the report in several ways. This is how you can rationally allocate time and work with good performance. Haste always hurts business, often there are unforeseen difficulties, questions. In the end, it is even more difficult to prepare a report properly. Simplify your task by leaving the right amount of time for work.
An important moment in any work, one way or another related to science, writing texts, is choosing the topic, mastering the given direction. When the topic is indicated by the teacher, you will have to make some efforts to get into it, especially if it is little known to you or seemed uninteresting. Remember that the success of the work does not directly depend on the topic. If you prepare a report carefully and thoughtfully, you will in any case protect it successfully. Choosing a topic yourself, stop at the one that causes you sincere interest, avoid a practical approach. Even if you have a lot of materials, but the direction does not appeal to you, it will be more difficult to work.
Having started preparing the report, immediately think about where you will get the sources of information. Do not limit yourself to the information available on the Internet. Use only proven sites – you can be advised by the teacher. Be sure to take at least two sources in the library, check the data for them.
Consider the technology work more specifically. After choosing a subject close to you (your interests), for example “Psychological competence as a structural component of the professional activity of the leader”, it is necessary to identify the object of your research.
The next stage is setting the goal of the work. For example: theoretical substantiation of the essence and content of the manager’s psychological competence; the identification of ways and means of forming psychological competence, etc. Think about the hypotheses of the work. Otherwise paper writer will have nothing to justify. In the first approximation on the chosen topic, we can formulate at least three hypotheses:
the increase of psychological competence is a necessary condition for the effectiveness of the managerial activity of the manager;
the application of psychological competence in the practical activities of the management to a greater extent ensures the leader’s leadership status;
the priority direction of training a modern leader is mastering the psychotechnology of management.
On the basis of what has been said, it is possible to determine the directions of work, highlighting the primary objectives of the study:
psychological competence as the basis for management (personnel management);
priority areas for the formation of the psychological competence of a modern leader.
After this, you need to determine the methods for implementing your first scientific research: a theoretical analysis of the literature on the problem; generalization of domestic and foreign experience; content analysis of newspaper and magazine publications, etc. Perhaps you will conduct a small (illustrative) socio-psychological study. Then you have to turn to methods such as questionnaires, interviews, psychodiagnostics, etc.
To organize your own time, you can create a work schedule for writing a course work:
studying of available literature;
carrying out of research (terms);
if the research involves the application of specific psychological techniques, then they need to be written into the schedule: for example interviews with competent people (with whom, in which organizations, when, how will the results be summarized and summarized, the interview form, interviews or protocol forms prepared);
writing the first, second sections and terms of consultation on them;
surrender of work (in what terms, in what form).
Realizing the above-mentioned stages of the work, you will provide it with a reliable methodical, theoretical and empirical basis. The rest depends on your ability to generalize and draw conclusions.
The essay plan is a practical tool to make it easier to write. And in some, very rare cases, the plan is absolutely necessary to get a positive evaluation of the academic work. Therefore, it is very important to learn how to write a composition plan quickly and effortlessly.
Plan is necessary not only to increase the estimate obtained for the composition, but also to ensure that, starting to write it out, you did not have a clean slate – and in the literal and the symbolic meaning of the image. Preliminary writing of the plan allows you to organize thoughts, to set up a coherent and reasonable presentation of them, bring up a sense of logic and discipline the mind. The advantage of the plan is also the fact that you can make it virtually under any circumstances: a walk in the park, standing in line at the store, cooking dinner. Then, when each thought takes its place in the plan, you will only have to transfer it to paper. By the way, many classics of literature created their works in this way. Therefore, there is certainly reason to borrow from them this handy tool and make a plan for the works, about whatever it was and whoever was addressed.
Performing the examination and regular school work on the essay plan, it is necessary not only to compose correctly, but also to plan the plan qualitatively. The plan should be written down, and it is located before the beginning of the composition, anticipating it. The plan submitted after the text of the work is considered a mistake and looks as if the student forgot about his compilation and wrote at the last moment, “after.” Therefore, before you begin to work, mentally consider the sequence of your actions, and then proceed to compose a plan for the composition on the following recommendations.